In the car, the party is over. The end of diesel and the switch to electric, against a background of falling sales, will lead to job losses.
End of the euphoria. After ten years of good results, sometimes even records, the automotive industry is entering a phase of decline in its three main markets. For the first time, Europe, the United States, but also China – the biggest buyer of cars on the planet – should see their sales at best stagnate in 2020.
A crisis undoubtedly less brutal than the shock of 2009, but which comes at a time when the automotive players must make unprecedented investments to meet the new requirements on polluting emissions in Europe and China, while continuing their efforts on the development of more connected and autonomous vehicles. Enough to threaten certain manufacturers and suppliers less well armed than their competitors on these new solutions … and in turn on employment.
The difficult after-diesel
In France, the fall in sales of diesel vehicles continues to weigh on the activity of several sites. In particular the Bosch factory located near Rodez (Aveyron), specialized in the production of injectors for diesel engines and engaged in a difficult conversion. Not to mention that the two French manufacturers, PSA and Renault, should continue to outsource their production, which started in the early 2000s. The few Clio still produced in the Flins factory (Yvelines) should leave French soil definitively, while the ‘ Opel GrandLand X manufactured in Sochaux (Doubs) will now be assembled in Germany, and the Peugeot 208 in Morocco.
Between the historic levels reached in the mid-2000s and today, France has lost half of its production of new cars. According to data from the Committee of French Automobile Manufacturers (CCFA), the tricolor automotive industry employed 205,000 people in 2018, when they were 301,000 in 2004. And the trend is not about to reverse.